X
  • Bitumen
    Grade 40/50
    Grade 60/70
    Grade 85/100
    Grade 120/150
    Grade 150/200
    Grade 200/300
    Grade VG-10
    Grade VG-20
    Grade VG-30
    Grade VG-40

 

Bitumen

Bitumen is a sticky, black and highly viscous liquid or semi-solid form of petroleum. It may be found in natural deposits or may be a refined product; it is a substance classed as a pitch. Until the 20th century, the term asphaltum was also used.

The primary use (70%) of asphalt/bitumen is in road construction, where it is used as the glue or binder mixed with aggregate particles to create asphalt concrete. Its other main uses are for bituminous waterproofing products, including production of roofing felt and for sealing flat roofs.

The terms asphalt and bitumen are often used interchangeably to mean both natural and manufactured forms of the substance. In American English, asphalt (or asphalt cement) is the carefully refined residue from the distillation process of selected crude oils. Outside the United States, the product is often called bitumen. Geological terminology often prefers the term bitumen. Common usage often refers to various forms of asphalt/bitumen as "tar", such as at the La Brea Tar Pits. Another term, mostly archaic, refers to asphalt/bitumen as "pitch".

Naturally occurring asphalt/bitumen is sometimes specified by the term "crude bitumen". Its viscosity is similar to that of cold molasses, while the material obtained from the fractional distillation of crude oil boiling at 525 °C (977 °F) is sometimes referred to as "refined bitumen".


Analysis of Penetration Bitumen

Requirement for Asphalt cement ASTM D946 & ASTM D3381
Product Specifications Bitumen 30-40
Analysis
Unit
Limit
Test Method
Density @ 25°C
kg/m3
1010-1060
ASTM D70 or D3289
Penetration @ 25°C
mm/10
30-40
ASTM D5
Softening Point
°C
55-63
ASTM D36
Ductility @ 25°C
cm
100 min
ASTM D113
Loss on heating
wt%
0.2 max
ASTM D6
Drop in penetration after heating
%
20 max
ASTM D5
Flash point
°C
250 min
ASTM D92
Solubility in Trichloroethylene
wt%
99.05 min
ASTM D2042
Spot Test
 
Negative
AASHTO T120

 

 

Requirement for Asphalt cement ASTM D946 & ASTM D3381
Product Specifications Bitumen 40-50
Analysis
Unit
Limit
Test Method
Density @ 25°C
kg/m3
1010-1060
ASTM D70 or D3289
Penetration @ 25°C
mm/10
40-50
ASTM D5
Softening Point
°C
52-60
ASTM D36
Ductility @ 25°C
cm
100 min
ASTM D113
Loss on heating
wt%
0.2 max
ASTM D6
Drop in penetration after heating
%
20 max
ASTM D5
Flash point
°C
232 min
ASTM D92
Solubility in Trichloroethylene
wt%
99 min
ASTM D2042
Spot Test
 
Negative
AASHTO T120
Viscosity @ 60°C
P
4000±800
ASTM D2171
Viscosity @ 135°C
cSt
400 min
ASTM D2170
Wax Content
%
2 max
DIN EN12606-1
Tests on residue from thin film oven test (ASTM D1754)
Retained Penetration after(T.F.O.T)%
%
58 min
ASTM D5
Viscosity @ 60°C
P
20000 max
ASTM D2171

 

 

Requirement for Asphalt cement ASTM D946 & ASTM D3381
Product Specifications Bitumen 60-70
Analysis
Unit
Limit
Test Method
Density @ 25°C
kg/m3
1010-1060
ASTM D70 or D3289
Penetration @ 25°C
mm/10
60-70
ASTM D5
Softening Point
°C
49-56
ASTM D36
Ductility @ 25°C
cm
100 min
ASTM D113
Loss on heating
wt%
0.2 max
ASTM D6
Drop in penetration after heating
%
20 max
ASTM D5
Flash point
°C
232 min
ASTM D92
Solubility in Trichloroethylene
wt%
99.0 min
ASTM D2042
Spot test
 
Negative
A.A.S.H.O.T 102
Viscosity @ 60°C
p
2000±400
ASTM D2171
Viscosity @ 135°C
cSt
300 min
ASTM D2170
Wax Content
%
2 Max
DIN EN 12606-1
Test on Residue From Thin Film Oven Test (ASTM D1754)
Retained Penetration after (T.F.O.T), %
%
54 min
ASTM D5
Ductility, (25°C), 5cm/min, cm after TFOT
cm
50
ASTM D113
Viscosity@ 60°C
p
10000 max
ASTM D2171

 

 

Requirement for Asphalt cement ASTM D946 & ASTM D3381
Product Specifications Bitumen 85-100
Analysis
Unit
Limit
Test Method
Density @ 25°C
kg/m3
1000-1050
ASTM D71 or D3289
Penetration @ 25°C
mm/10
85-100
ASTM D5
Softening Point
°C
45-52
ASTM D36
Ductility @ 25°C
cm
100 min
ASTM D113
Loss on heating
wt%
0.5 max
ASTM D6
Drop in penetration after heating
%
20 max
ASTM D6 & D5
Flash point
°C
232 min
ASTM D92
Solubility in Trichloroethylene
wt%
99.0 min
ASTM D2042
Spot Test
----
Negative
AASHO T120
Viscosity @ 60°C
P
1000±200
ASTM D2171
Viscosity @ 60°C
cSt
250 min
ASTM D2170
Wax Content
%
2 max
DIN EN 12606-1
Tests on residue from thin film oven tese (ASTM D1754)
Retained Penetration after (T.F.O.T)
%
50 min
ASTM D5
Ductility, (25°C), 5cm/min, cm after TFOT
Cm
75 min
ASTM D113
Viscosity @ 60°C
P
5000 max
ASTM D2171

 

 

Requirement for Asphalt cement ASTM D946 & ASTM D3381
Product Specifications Bitumen 120-150
Analysis
Unit
Limit
Test Method
Density @ 25°C
kg/m3
1000-1050
ASTM D71 or D3289
Penetration @ 25°C
mm/10
120-150
ASTM D5
Softening Point
°C
45-52
ASTM D36
Ductility @ 25°C
cm
100 min
ASTM D113
Loss on heating
wt%
0.5 max
ASTM D6
Drop in penetration after heating
%
20 max
ASTM D6 & D5
Flash point
°C
218 min
ASTM D92
Solubility in CS2
wt%
99.0 min
ASTM D2042
Spot Test
----
Negative
AASHO T120
Viscosity @ 60°C
P
1000±200
ASTM D2171
Viscosity @ 135°C
cSt
170 min
ASTM D2170
Wax Content
%
2 max
DIN EN 12606-1
Tests on residue from thin film oven tese (ASTM D1754)
Retained Penetration after (T.F.O.T)
%
46 min
ASTM D5
Ductility, (25°C), 5cm/min, cm after TFOT
Cm
100 min
ASTM D113
Viscosity @ 60°C
P
2250 max
ASTM D2171


 

Requirement for Asphalt cement ASTM D946 & ASTM D3381
Product Specifications Bitumen 150-200
Analysis
Unit
Limit
Test Method
Density @ 25°C
kg/m3
1000-1050
ASTM D70 or D3289
Penetration @ 25°C
mm/10
150-200
ASTM D5
Softening Point
°C
38-44
ASTM D36
Ductility @ 25°C
cm
100 min
ASTM D113
Loss on heating
wt%
0.5 max
ASTM D6
Drop in penetration after heating
%
20 max
ASTM D5
Flash point
°C
218 min
ASTM D92
Solubility in Trichloroethylene
wt%
99 min
ASTM D2042
Spot Test
 
Negative
AASHTO T120
Viscosity @ 60°C
P
250±50
ASTM D2171
Viscosity @ 135°C
cSt
150 min
ASTM D2170
Wax Content
%
2 max
DIN EN12606-1
Tests on residue from thin film oven test (ASTM D1754)
Retained Penetration after(T.F.O.T)%
%
46 min
ASTM D5
Ductility,(25°C),5cm/min,cm after TFOT
cm
100 min
ASTM D113
Viscosity @ 60°C
P
1750 max
ASTM 2171

 

 

Requirement for Asphalt cement ASTM D946 & ASTM D3381
Product Specifications Bitumen 200-300
Analysis
Unit
Limit
Test Method
Density @ 25°C
kg/m3
990-1050
ASTM D71 or D3289
Penetration @ 25°C
mm/10
200-300
ASTM D5
Softening Point
°C
34-41
ASTM D36
Ductility @ 25°C
cm
100 min
ASTM D113
Loss on heating
wt%
1.0 max
ASTM D6
Drop in penetration after heating
%
37 max
ASTM D6 & D5
Flash point
°C
117 min
ASTM D92
Solubility in CS2
wt%
99.0 min
ASTM D2042
Spot Test
----
Negative
AASHO T120
Viscosity @ 60°C
P
200±50
ASTM D2171
Viscosity @ 135°C
cSt
80 min
ASTM D2170
Wax Content
%
2 max
DIN EN 12606-1
Tests on residue from thin film oven test (ASTM D1754)
Retained Penetration after (T.F.O.T)
%
40 min
ASTM D5
Ductility, (25°C), 5cm/min, cm after TFOT
Cm
100 min
ASTM D113
Viscosity @ 60°C
P
1250 max
ASTM D2171

 

 

Requirement for Asphalt cement ASTM D946 & ASTM D3381
Product Specifications Bitumen 40-50
Analysis
Unit
Limit
Test Method
Density @ 25°C
kg/m3
1010-1060
ASTM D70 or D3289
Penetration @ 25°C
mm/10
40-50
ASTM D5
Softening Point
°C
52-60
ASTM D36
Ductility @ 25°C
cm
100 min
ASTM D113
Loss on heating
wt%
0.2 max
ASTM D6
Drop in penetration after heating
%
20 max
ASTM D5
Flash point
°C
232 min
ASTM D92
Solubility in Trichloroethylene
wt%
99 min
ASTM D2042
Spot Test
 
Negative
AASHTO T120
Viscosity @ 60°C
P
4000 (+-) 800
ASTM D2171
Viscosity @ 135°C
cSt
400 min
ASTM D2170
Wax Content
%
2 max
DIN EN12606-1
Tests on residue from thin film oven test (ASTM D1754)
Retained Penetration after(T.F.O.T)%
%
58 min
ASTM D5
Viscosity @ 60°C
P
20000 max
ASTM D2171

 

 

Requirement for Asphalt cement ASTM D946 & ASTM D3381
Product Specifications Bitumen 40-50
Analysis
Unit
Limit
Test Method
Density @ 25°C
kg/m3
1010-1060
ASTM D70 or D3289
Penetration @ 25°C
mm/10
40-50
ASTM D5
Softening Point
°C
52-60
ASTM D36
Ductility @ 25°C
cm
100 min
ASTM D113
Loss on heating
wt%
0.2 max
ASTM D6
Drop in penetration after heating
%
20 max
ASTM D5
Flash point
°C
232 min
ASTM D92
Solubility in Trichloroethylene
wt%
99 min
ASTM D2042
Spot Test
 
Negative
AASHTO T120
Viscosity @ 60°C
P
4000 (+-) 800
ASTM D2171
Viscosity @ 135°C
cSt
400 min
ASTM D2170
Wax Content
%
2 max
DIN EN12606-1
Tests on residue from thin film oven test (ASTM D1754)
Retained Penetration after(T.F.O.T)%
%
58 min
ASTM D5
Viscosity @ 60°C
P
20000 max
ASTM D2171

 

 

Requirement for Asphalt cement ASTM D946 & ASTM D3381
Product Specifications Bitumen 40-50
Analysis
Unit
Limit
Test Method
Density @ 25°C
kg/m3
1010-1060
ASTM D70 or D3289
Penetration @ 25°C
mm/10
40-50
ASTM D5
Softening Point
°C
52-60
ASTM D36
Ductility @ 25°C
cm
100 min
ASTM D113
Loss on heating
wt%
0.2 max
ASTM D6
Drop in penetration after heating
%
20 max
ASTM D5
Flash point
°C
232 min
ASTM D92
Solubility in Trichloroethylene
wt%
99 min
ASTM D2042
Spot Test
 
Negative
AASHTO T120
Viscosity @ 60°C
P
4000 (+-) 800
ASTM D2171
Viscosity @ 135°C
cSt
400 min
ASTM D2170
Wax Content
%
2 max
DIN EN12606-1
Tests on residue from thin film oven test (ASTM D1754)
Retained Penetration after(T.F.O.T)%
%
58 min
ASTM D5
Viscosity @ 60°C
P
20000 max
ASTM D2171