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  • Gasoline
    Grade: Euro 4
    Grade: A92

Gasoline

Gasoline is a transparent, petroleum-derived liquid that is used primarily as a fuel in internal combustion engines. It consists mostly of organic compounds obtained by the fractional distillation of petroleum, enhanced with a variety of additives; a 42 gallon barrel of crude oil yields about 19 gallons of gasoline, when processed in an oil refinery.
The 'anti-knock' characteristic of a particular gasoline blend, when used as a fuel in internal combustion engines, is measured by its octane rating. Gasoline is produced in several grades of octane rating. Tetraethyl lead and other lead compounds are no longer used in most areas to regulate and increase octane-rating, but many other additives are put into gasoline to improve its chemical stability, control corrosiveness and provide fuel system 'cleaning,' and determine performance characteristics under intended use. Sometimes, gasoline also contains ethanol as an alternative fuel, for economic or environmental reasons.
Gasoline, as used worldwide in the vast number of internal combustion engines used in transport and industry, has a significant impact on the environment, both in local effects (e.g., smog) and in global effects (e.g., effect on the climate). Gasoline may also enter the environment uncombusted, as liquid and as vapors, from leakage and handling during production, transport and delivery, from storage tanks, from spills, etc. As an example of efforts to control such leakage, many (underground) storage tanks are required to have extensive measures in place to detect and prevent such leaks. The material safety data sheet for unleaded gasoline shows at least 15 hazardous chemicals occurring in various amounts. Benzene and many anti-knocking additives are carcinogenic.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Analysis

 Gasoline Euro 4
 Analysis
Units
Unit
Test Method
Min
Max
ASTM
EN
 Density @ 15°C
Kg/m3
720
775
D 1298
D 4052
ISO 3675
ISO 12185
 Research Octane Number
 
92
 
D 2699
ISO 5164
 Motor Octane Number
 
81
 
D 2700
ISO 5163
 Reid Vapor Pressure
 Summer
 Winter
 
KPA
KPA
 
 
60
70
D 323
 
 Distillation
 Initial Boiling Point
 Evaporated at 100 °C
 Evaporated at 150 °C
 Final Boiling Point
 Residue
%V/V
°C
%V/V
%V/V
°C
%V/V
24
46
75
190
 
40
57
87
215
2
D 86
ISO 3405
 Hydrocarbon Analysis
 Olefins
 Aromatics
 Benzene
 
%V/V
%V/V
%V/V
 
 
18
35
1
 
D 1319
D 1319
D 2267
 
ISO 22854
ISO 22854
ISO 22854
 Oxygen Content
%M/M
 
2.7
 
ISO 22854
 Alcohol
%V/V
 
ZERO
 
ISO 22854
 Sulfur
Mg/kg
 
50
 
ISO 20846
 Lead Content
g/L
 
0.005
 
IN 237
 Existent Gum (Washed)
mg/(100mL)
 
5
 
D 381
 Copper Corrosion(3 Hours at 50°C)
Scale
 
Class 1
 
D 130
 Induction Period at 100°C
minutes
360
 
 
D 525
 Color -Green
MG/L
 
1
 
IP 17
 Mn Content
 
 
ZERO
D 3831
 
 Fe Content
 
 
ZERO
D 5863
 

 

Gasoline A92
 Analysis
Unit
Limit
 Sp.Gr
 
0.75-0.77
 Aromatic
Wt%
30 min
 Octane Number
 
92 min
 R.V.P.
Kpa
7-12
 I.B.P.
©
30 min
 F.B.P.
©
210 max
 Color
 
10 min
 Benzene
wt%
15 min
 Sulphur
ppm
300 max