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  • Solvent
    Grade 402

 

Solvent 402

The term "petroleum solvent" describes special liquid hydrocarbon fractions obtained from naphtha and used in industrial processes and formulations. These fractions are also referred to as "industrial naphtha".

"Naphtha" is a liquid petroleum product that boils from about 30°C (86°F) to approximately 200°C (392°F), although there are different grades of naphtha within this extensive boiling range that have different boiling ranges. The term "petroleum solvent" is often used synonymously with "naphtha".

On a chemical basis, naphtha is difficult to define precisely because it can contain varying amounts of its constituents (paraffins, naphthenes, aromatics, and olefins) in different proportions, in addition to the potential isomers of the paraffins that exist in the naphtha boiling range. Naphtha is also represented as having a boiling range and carbon number similar to those of gasoline, being a precursor to gasoline.

Here are three kinds of solvents:

  • SBPS
  • White Sprits
  • Aromatics

Analysis

Paraffinic Aromatic Solvent 402
 Solvent Property
Unit
Test Method
Specification
 Density @ 15°C
Kg/L
ASTM D1298
0.775 min
 Distillation
 I.B.P.
°C
ASTM D86
142 min
 10% Recovered @
°C
ASTM D86
158 min
 50% Recovered @
°C
ASTM D86
179 max
 70% Recovered @
°C
ASTM D86
Report
 90% Recovered @
°C
ASTM D86
194 max
 Dry Point
°C
ASTM D86
198
 Residue
Vol. %
ASTM D156
1.5 max
 Flash point, tag (min)
°C
ASTM D56
38 min
 Flash point, Abel (min)
°C
ASTM D93
Report
 Color Saybolt
-
ASTM D156
25 min
 Odor
-
-
Merchantable
 Corrosion, 3hrs @ 100°C
-
ASTM D130
1a
 Doctor Test
-
ASTM D4952
Neg.
 Maximum Sulfur
Mass %
ASTM D1266
0.1
 Aromatic Content
Vol. %
ASTM D1319
20 max
 Gun Existence
mg/100ml
ASTM D381
5 max
 Neutrality
-
BS 245
Pass
 Acidity of Residue
-
ASTM D1093
Pass